Lineage: Golf GTi

Volkswagen just announced the last Golf 7 GTi model, so we take a look at a car closing in on 45 years of existence. To this day, VW’s front-wheel driven high-performance hatch remains a true car for the people. So much so, that 33% of all new Golf owners in South Africa opt for a GTi badge on theirs. That ranks Southern Africa as one of the top 10 countries, when it comes to GTi ownership, worldwide. N.B.: These are local / ZA specs while photos are of international models. Other high-performance Golfs like VR6 or Golf R have been excluded from this list.

Mark I – 1976

Here’s where it all started, with a very simple recipe: small car, peppy engine.

1.6 / 1.8L naturally-aspirated petrol 8 valve 110BHP+

Launched in 1974 (1978 in South Africa), the original Golf Mk1 was seen as the successor of the Beetle. Filling the shoes of a (by then) 40-year old winning recipe, must have been a tall order. Yet, the Golf was an immediate success in both Europe and South Africa as it sold more than 20,000 units in a year ( in South Africa alone).

Lagging somewhat behind Europe markets, South Africa saw the launch of its first Golf GTi in 1982. Powered by a 1.6 inline 4-cylinder engine, the Mk1 GTi was capable of producing 81kW (at 6,100rpm) and 140 Nm (at 5,000rpm). This front wheel driven hatchback could hit 182km/h, whilst taking only 8.8 seconds to reach the 100km/h mark from a standstill.

The 1.8 model produced 82kW (at 5,800rpm), but 153Nm (at 3,500rpm). Significantly more than the 1.6 model at that time.

To this day, the MK1 GTi remains one of the most successful hot hatches of its time.

Mark II – 1983

Bigger and better than Mk1, the “Jumbo Golf” GTi came with 8V and 16V motors.

1.8 / 2.0L naturally-aspirated petrol 8 / 16 valve 139BHP+

Whilst the second generation of the Golf was launched globally in 1983, as a bigger and more powerful derivative, the MkII GTi reached South-African shores in 1986; four years after the first GTi made its mark (and two years after the MkII standard Golf was launched).

The new GTi (1.8 litre) featured a brand new chassis design for its larger design. This also meant that the MkII had more space. Even more importantly, the Golf paved the way for new technologies such as ABS and power-steering to be introduced.

Still carrying 82kW (at 5,500rpm), the new MkII was now capable of 155Nm (at 3,100rpm), propelling it to a top speed of 191km/h, albeit with a slower 0-100kmh time of 9.7 seconds.

The 16V 2.0 litre, 5-speed manual GTi was capable of a whopping 95kW (at 5,800rpm) and 168Nm (at 4,250rpm). Capable of reaching 200km/h, it could pass 100km/h in nine seconds.

The GTi MkII was more spacious, powerful and family friendly.

Mark III – 1991

The difficult third album, and one most (local) fans want to forget. Fun to drive but pap.

2.0L naturally-aspirated petrol 8 valve 115BHP 

The third-generation Golf GTi struggled to generate the same hype as its predecessors as the (now much larger) chassis carried a 2-litre engine. Whilst capable of 110kW (at 6,000rpm) and 180Nm (at 4,800rpm), the newcomer could only reach 100km/h in a time of 9.32 seconds. Yet, Volkswagen managed to improve the top speed to 215km/h.

The third-generation GTi was not a significant step forward, so Volkswagen made up for this in 1993 by bringing out the most powerful Golf yet, the VR6. It took South Africa by storm, as its 128kW (at 5,800rpm) / 235Nm (at 4,200rpm) V6 engine hauled it to 100km/h in only 7.8 seconds and a top speed of 224km/h.

Besides the power increase, it also featured a stiffer and sportier suspension as well as more direct steering. At the time, this was said to be the biggest revelation since the first Golf came to be, nearly 20 years before.

Mark IV – 1997

One of the biggest changes in GTi history, this was the first turbocharged model.

1.8L turbo-petrol 20 valve 150BHP+ 

Seven years later, an even bigger revelation came as the new Golf GTi was introduced with a turbo-charged 1.8L petrol 20-valve engine. With 132kW (at 5,500rpm) and 235Nm (at 1,950rpm) it raced to a top speed of 220km/h and 0-100km/h in 7.9 sec. The GTi R also saw the introduction of a sixth gear.

The GTi name was back in the game and stronger than ever.

Mark V – 2004

Another big step up for GTi with a new engine and lots of modern technology.

2.0L turbo-petrol 16 valve 197BHP 

The fifth Golf GTi generation saw yet another big step forward as the manufacturer used a 2.0 TFSI engine, capable of 147kW (at 5,100rpm) and 280Nm (between 1,800 and 5,000rpm). With the local introduction of the 6-speed automatic DSG gearbox, the new GTi could reach 235km/h and had a 0-100km/h time of 7.2 seconds.

Not only was it far superior to its predecessors in terms of sportiness, but also introduced new features such as 8 airbags, Bi-xenon headlamps and stiffer suspension.

As before, the Golf 5 expanded the brand even further as more customers realised the potential of the GTi as being a “best of both worlds” option.

Mark VI – 2009

Not wanting to mess with a winning recipe, Mk6 was a soft evolution from Mk5.

2.0L turbo-petrol 16 valve 210BHP+

Still equipped with a 2.0 TFSI engine, the Golf 6 GTi now produced 155kW (at 6,200rpm) and 280Nm (between 1,700 and 5,200rpm). This edged the Golf towards the 240km/h mark and a sub 7 seconds time for 0-100km/h.

More so, it was also introduced with ABS, ASR and ESP. Customers also had the choice between a 6-speed manual or DSG gearbox. Yet, before the launch of the new GTi in 2014, Volkswagen had two more surprises up its sleeve as it introduced the iconic 35 Edition in 2012 as well as the Cabriolet GTi in 2013.

The 35 edition saw an output of 173kW and 300Nm, pushing the car to 100km/h in only 6.6 seconds. Available with the usual 6-speed manual or DSG options, the 35 also featured a new electronic differential.

In 2013, the GTi brand launched its first local cabriolet. Not as powerful as the 35, the Cabriolet saw the normal 155kW and 280Nm combination. Although it carried the same amount of power as the Mk6, it had a slower top speed (235km/h) as well as a slower 0-100km/h time of 7.3 seconds.

Mark VII – 2014

More fine-tuning and minor tweaks make the seventh version even better.

2.0L turbo-petrol 16 valve 220BHP+ 

The Golf 7 saw another revelation as it came to deliver twice the amount of power as the MK1. At 162kW (between 4,500 and 6,200rpm) and 350Nm ( at 1,500 to 4,400rpm) the front-wheel drive, 6 speed, 2.0 turbo-charged engine was not only lighter, but also featured new BlueMotion technology to save fuel.

While capable of 246 km/h, this GTI took just 6.5 seconds to reach 100km/h. With more fine-tuning and tweaks, Volkswagen updated the Golf 7 GTi to produce 169kW / 350Nm. This sent up the top speed by 2km/h and brought down the 0-100km/h time by 0.1 seconds.

However, new technology such as the Dynamic Chassis Control was introduced as a standard option. This meant that the GTi could now be set up in “Comfort”, “Normal” and “Sport”. It also featured a new front electronic diff.

However, the itch did not stop here and Volkswagen updated the GTi even more. Introducing the GTi Clubsport in 2016, the GTi brand was now capable of 195kW and 350Nm. An “Overboost” function allowed the power to be increased to 213kW and 380N for a mere 10 seconds.

With this introduction, Volkswagen reached the sub 6-seconds time for the 0-100km/h (thanks to launch control) as well as a top speed of 249km/h.

Less than 7 months later, an even more powerful Clubsport S introduced 228kW and 380Nm as a two-door GTi version. 400 of these Nürburgring front-wheel drive record setters went on sale worldwide, of which 47 found very lucky owners in South Africa.

Shortly hereafter, the Golf GTi brand traded petrol for diesel, when it introduced the GTD in 2017. The 2-litre TDi produced 130kW as well as 350Nm.

On its launch in 2017, the GTD felt like a well-designed top-tier diesel entry into the market, however did not rival the public appeal of the petrol GTi. Soon afterwards, for many GTi owners and afficionados, the move from a 6-speed manual- to a 7-speed DSG gearbox took away the essence of sportiness.

Now, as a last hoorah for the Golf 7 range, Volkswagen sent around 300 Golf GTi TCR units to the tip of Africa. It will once again carry the front-wheel drive philosophy, this time with 213kW and 380Nm. Capable of a 0-100 time of 0.8 seconds slower than the new Golf R, the TCR might truly be the fastest GTi yet. Even faster than the mental Clubsport S.

Volkswagen has come a far way since the introduction of the Golf brand in 1974, at which it stage it was a pretty bold move to make (following the success of the Beetle).

Yet, the Golf GTi brand carries the true heritage and ideology of the Volkswagen brand. It has been created for “the people” by “the people”.

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